Perms are now one of the most fashionable items for hairstyling, but we often hear stories of scalp damage, such as thinning hair or increased hair loss, when perms are applied. So how does perm solution actually affect the scalp and hair?
Damage to the scalp
Certainly, perm solution does cause a small amount of damage to the scalp. However, the damage to the scalp can be reduced by the care methods used after changing perms, rather than by not perm-ing.
Therefore, it is important to take care of your scalp after a perm.
How do perms work in the first place?
Hair is generally made of a protein called keratin. This protein is composed of 18 different amino acids, the most abundant of which is cystine, which is bonded and can be detached or attached. This property allows perms to be applied.
There are several different types of perms, and they use different solutions, but basically they can be divided into two types: one solution and two solutions. the first solution is used to separate the cystine bonds in the hair, which are like a ladder, and the second solution is used to reconnect the separated cystine bonds. The second component is responsible for reconnecting the separated cystine bonds.
The first component, an alkaline agent, opens the hair cuticle, and the second component, a reducing agent, breaks the cystine bonds. Next, the second component is used to reattach the bonds broken by the second component after the first component has been thoroughly rinsed away. When the cystine bonds are reattached by the 2-component, they are fixed in the shape of the wave that was wrapped around the rod when the perm was applied in advance.
Why does it affect the scalp?
The strength of the first agent determines how well the perm will work, and this first agent contains ammonium thioglycolate, the base DL-cystine, strong ammonia water, bromate, hydrogen peroxide, and other ingredients. The ammonia-based ingredients are particularly alkaline and are said to be highly damaging to the scalp.
Therefore, it is important to avoid getting these liquids on the scalp, but this is difficult to do at home by yourself. Therefore, in order to avoid getting these liquids on the scalp as much as possible, it is recommended to have them done at a hair salon.
Many beauty salons use a solution that is less damaging to the scalp, so if you have a sensitive scalp, you can consult with a hair salon.
How should I take care of my hair after a perm?
At the very least, perm solution affects the scalp, but if you want to have a perm, you cannot avoid perm solution.
Therefore, the important thing is to take care of your scalp after perming. After a perm, the scalp is weakened by the chemicals in the perm solution, so keeping the scalp healthy will help prevent scalp problems such as hair loss. Let’s take a look at what kind of care you should take.
Do not use harsh shampoos or styling products.
Massage the scalp to improve blood circulation.
Use moisturizing shampoos and styling products.
Do not scrub shampoo as it damages the scalp.
Thus, in order to prevent damage from perm solution, proper post-perm care should be taken. Also, when you go to a hair salon, look for one that uses a scalp-friendly perm solution as much as possible, and enjoy perming styles as a part of your fashion!