The first thing to remember is that there is no such thing as a “perm that does not damage your hair at all”, although there is a “perm that does not damage your hair much”.
The important thing is to know how to take care of your hair before and after a perm, rather than worrying about damage during a perm! Learn how to keep your hair as beautiful as possible so that you can style it comfortably every day.
Perms can damage hair.
Hair has a “cuticle” that prevents external damage and keeps it shiny. It is like an armor that coats each strand of hair. Perm solution, on the other hand, strips the cuticle and acts deep into the hair. Therefore, if the perm solution is too strong or care is not taken properly, the hair will be damaged, causing it to become dry and limp.
In addition, easy styling at home by simply applying heat such as with a hair dryer (e.g., iron perms) can also be considered perms in the broad sense of the term. Although this type of perming does not use a perm solution, the heat that curls the hair is still very damaging. It is inevitable that the hair will be slightly damaged by this kind of damage due to the nature of perms. This point remains the same whether perm solution is used or not.
Regular hair care makes a difference.
To prevent perms from being the “final blow” to your hair, you need to take care of your hair on a regular basis! Healthy and strong hair is less likely to be damaged by perms. Below are three points to keep in mind in your daily care.
- Shampoo every day.
Shampooing is essential for maintaining beautiful hair. However, if you wash your hair too much, the cuticles will not be repaired in time, causing hair damage such as dry hair and breakage.
Ideally, hair should be washed at most twice a day. If you wash your hair more than twice a day, you will need to use a good hair treatment.
- Use a hair dryer 30 cm away from your hair.
Care should also be taken when using a hair dryer, which plays an active role in drying wet hair and styling it. Too much hot air from the hair dryer will cause the hair to lose moisture, which can also cause dry hair and breakage.
Ideally, the hair dryer should be about 30 cm away from the hair, and the hair should be moved constantly to dissipate the heat. When styling hair, it is best to use a hair dryer with a low temperature mode or a hair dryer designed for styling hair to reduce the risk of unnecessary damage to the hair.
- Maintain a balanced diet.
Daily meals. This may seem surprising, but it is actually a very important factor. The main component of hair is cystine, which is made up of 18 different amino acids. Some of them are essential amino acids that cannot be synthesized by the body, so it is necessary to consume dairy products, meat, fish, etc. properly.
If you have dry hair even though you take care of your hair every day, try to consume dairy products, meat, and fish once a day.
Relatively low-damage perm method
For alkaline perms, it is also useful to choose “cis” rather than “thio” perms. Cis-type perms (cystine perms) have the disadvantage that it is a little more difficult to get waves, but the burden on the hair is less.
On the other hand, the thio perm (thioglycolic acid perm) is said to produce good results but is said to be more stressful on the hair.
We also recommend “weak acid perms” in that they can reduce damage, especially at the ends of the hair. Hair and scalp are weakly acidic. Perm solution with a pH (pH value) similar to this is used, so it is said to be safer and less damaging.
Keep these tips in mind when you ask for a perm at a hair salon!
Also, recently there are some beauty salons that sell “perm with treatment” which is gentle to the hair, so it might be a good idea to look for one.
Post-perm care is also important.
Hair is also weakened for a few days after a perm, so care is very important. Even if you do not usually use treatment products, you should concentrate on using them during this period.
Especially in winter, the dryness of the hair increases the damage to the hair, so do not neglect the treatment of the hair ends.